Health Care Business Course Descriptions

UNDERGRADUATE HEALTH CARE BUSINESS COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

BU 104 Basic Computer Applications

Three semester hours
This course is designed to build proficiency skills in the Microsoft Office software suite, including word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, and database software applications.

BU 108 Introduction to Long-Term Care Services

Three semester hours
This course is an introduction to the functional and organizational structures common to long-term health care facilities. The course examines the departments in long-term care facilities (nursing, environmental services, nutrition services, etc.), chain of command, personnel, regulatory requirements, quality indicators, and the role of the long-term care administrator.

BU 121 Survey of Economics

Three semester hours
This course is a study of the basic operations of the U.S. economy. Survey of Economics focuses on the most important tool in economics—supply and demand analysis—and applies it to clearly explain real-world economic issues. The course presents a straightforward and unbiased approach to the application of basic core principles of micro-, macro- and international economics.

BU 130 Principles of Financial Accounting

Three semester hours
This course is designed to provide a basic understanding of financial accounting including introductory accounting theory, concepts, principles and procedures. It presents the theory of debits and credits, journals, the accounting cycle, notes and interest, receivables and payables, accruals and deferrals, valuations of assets and liabilities and the preparation of basic financial statements.
Prerequisite: MA 120 Recommended.

BU 199 Principles of Managerial Accounting

Three semester hours
This course introduces managerial accounting concepts and models and illustrates the use of cost accounting data as a tool for planning, control and decision-making. Topics such as cost behavior, cost allocation, product costing, budgeting, performance management, responsibility accounting, financial information analysis and relevant costs/benefits will be included. Ethical challenges in managerial accounting will also be examined.
Prerequisite: MA 120 & BU 130 Recommended.

BU 205 Advanced Computer Applications

Two semester hours
This course will cover advanced applications using Microsoft Office software. The course stresses the use of applications in a healthcare environment with examples such as pivot tables, multi-sheet workbooks and querying techniques.
Prerequisite: BU 104.

BU 210 Business Communications

Three semester hours
This course focuses on the importance of business communication in the healthcare environment. Students will learn business communication techniques such as writing styles, email etiquette, elevator speeches, report writing and cross-cultural communication. Oral reporting and presentation skills are also practiced.

BU 211 Business and Health Law

Three semester hours
This course focuses on the local, state and federal laws that impact the business operations of health care. Special emphasis is given to laws that directly affect the development of health care businesses and the laws which affect health care delivery.

BU 240 Health Care Delivery Systems

Three semester hours
This course is an overview of the American health care system which includes healthcare services, healthcare professions, and insurance. It also includes the evolution and current state of the continuum of care, global/national healthcare policy, healthcare accreditation, and survey readiness. This course also has a strong emphasis on cultural issues within healthcare delivery.

BU 306 Principles of Management

Three semester hours
This course is designed as an introduction to business management, specifically applied to health care settings. As such, it will provide an overview of managerial theories commonly practiced in healthcare organizations.

BU 310 Revenue Cycle Management

Three semester hours
This course will discuss information about all U.S. health care payment systems and examine complex financial systems within today’s healthcare environment. The course examines the entire revenue cycle process from delivery of service to claim reimbursement.

BU 320 Human Resources Management

Three semester hours
Human Resources Management focuses on the principles and techniques of personnel administration. This includes department culture, staff recruitment and retention, staff performance benchmarking, training and development, as well as regulatory and legal and ethical issues in human resources management.

BU 326 Principles of Marketing

Three semester hours
This class is the study of theory and application of the marketing mix with an emphasis on marketing health care services internally and externally. Each component of the marketing mix will be examined separately as well as the interactive nature of components. We will include the impact of qualitative and quantitative data analysis on marketing decisions.

BU 335 Managing Healthcare Departments

Three semester hours
In this course, students will learn the tools and techniques of managing health care departments. Topics such as departmental budgets, cost-benefit analysis, workflow concepts, staff management, departmental culture, and communication will be discussed.
Prerequisite: BU 104; BU 306 & BU 320 Recommended.

BU 344 Business Finance

Three semester hours
This course provides an introduction to the principles of financial management. Topics that are covered in the course include risk management, time value of money, asset and liability valuations, credit management, insurance, and investment.
Prerequisite: BU 199

BU 371 Organizational Behavior

Three semester hours
This course focuses on the theories and practices of human behavior within organizations. Individual and group behaviors in organizations are addressed. Organizational dynamics and development of work environments that foster successful team-building are studied.

BU 375 Concepts of Leadership

Two semester hours
This course will introduce contemporary leadership theory and principles, as well as personnel and change management theories. Together, students will learn the skills for building effective teams and take part in effective negotiating and use influencing skills.
Prerequisite: BU 306 Recommended.

BU 411 Operations and Quality Management

Three semester hours
This course allows the student to apply Quality Management tools while constructing performance management measures. Students will apply analytical results to facilitate decision-making and use quality management tools to analyze clinical data to identify trends that demonstrate quality, safety, and effectiveness of healthcare. Product, process and service design will help to develop organizational action plans, implement customer service initiatives and develop protocols to help foster efficiency and organizational success.
Prerequisite: BU 205; MA 120 Recommended. 

BU 420 Long Term Care

Three semester hours
This course is designed for the student going into the Long Term Care field and/or management. There are distinct differences in managing Long Term Care facilities compared to other hospital and health care institutions. The student will learn the fundamentals of management in the LTC arena. This course also focuses on how to work with the culture, clients, families and regulatory constraints that play a part in the long term care environment.

BU 425 Project  Management

Three semester hours
This course is designed to introduce the core project management tools and techniques used by project managers to effectively manage projects through a project life cycle. Students will also have the opportunity to practically apply and evaluate a number of standard project management functions utilizing Microsoft Project software.
Prerequisite: BU 205

BU 450 Strategic Management

Three semester hours
This course will allow students to take part in the development of information management plans that support the organization’s current and future strategy and goals. Students will not only learn the particulars of implementing a departmental strategic plan but will also facilitate the use of enterprise-wide information assets to support organizational strategies and objectives.

BU 470 Issues and Policies in Public Health

Three semester hours
This course focuses on current health policy and public health issues. Students will learn about the origins and development of the public health system. The course also focuses on how the U.S. health system is organized at the federal, state and local levels. Additionally, public health activities such as epidemiological investigations, biomedical research, environmental assessment and policy development will be explored.

BU 496 Professional Practice Experience/Internship

Three semester hours
This course provides opportunities for students to gain practical management experience in a healthcare-related organization. Students will apply theories and concepts learned in the program to healthcare-related business practice under the supervision of a manager at the internship site.
Prerequisite: Must be taken within the last two semesters prior to graduation or with the permission of the program director.
Note: Students may be required to meet certain health and safety standards set by the agency providing the internship.

BU 498 Long-Term Care Administration Practicum

Three semester hours
This course provides field experience in a long-term care organization under the supervision of selected health care administrators and faculty. This is an opportunity to apply classroom knowledge to real-world business with emphasis on health care. This course will allow the student to start working toward the required practicum hours for long-term care administrators.
Prerequisite: Last semester of study and permission of the program director.
Note: Students may be required to meet certain health and safety standards set by the agency providing the internship.

BU 499 Capstone

Three semester hours
As a culmination of prior courses, the Capstone course is designed to give students the opportunity to practice proficiencies with various theories and concepts related to their field of expertise. There will be a required service component for this course to include a presentation given to the communities of interest for healthcare business.
Prerequisite: Last semester of study and permission of the program director.

HM 108 Concepts and Principles of HIM

Three semester hours
This is an introductory course into the field of health information management. An overview of the profession, credentials, and job functions will be explored. The course will also discuss the content, structure, and functions of health records, as well as documentation requirements and standards, primary and secondary data sources, and the use and disclosure of health information.
Prerequisite: Must be taken in the first year of study or permission of the program director.

HM 180 Essentials of Pharmacology

Two semester hours
This course is a study of concepts and practices of pharmacology and methods of drug administration. Legal and ethical issues of medication administration are also discussed.

HM 224 Anatomy and Physiology for HIM

Four semester hours
The course is designed to teach important concepts about human anatomy and physiology. The course provides an introduction to anatomical terminology and the organization of the human body followed by a systemic approach to the structure, function and organization of the human body.
Prerequisite: GEN 105 or concurrent.

HM 230 Coding I:  Foundation of Coding

Three semester hours
This course is an introduction to ICD-10-CM/PCS. This course will focus on appropriate use of the classification systems to select appropriate diagnosis and procedure codes. Students will be introduced to official coding reference material, encoder software and regulatory concepts.
Prerequisites: HM 224; HM 324 recommended or concurrently.

HM 255 Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Information

Three semester hours
This course provides an in-depth review of the legal requirements regarding health records and the healthcare regulatory environment including topics such as HIPAA, federal fraud and abuse laws, access and disclosure requirements and Joint Commission/CMS standards. This course will also discuss healthcare ethics and consequences of a breach of ethics.
Prerequisites: HM 108 Recommended.

HM 260 Data Management and Analytics

Three semester hours
This course focuses on the management of data as a valuable resource for an organization. Students will learn the basics of creating data structure and maintaining data accuracy, as well as how to use data to support the operation of an organization.
Prerequisites: HM 108 Recommended.

HM 324 Disease Process

Four semester hours
This course is designed to study the nature and cause of disease. This includes the study of the etiology, signs and symptoms, diagnostic evaluation procedures, complications, treatment, prognosis, prevention, and advanced medical terminology. Through lecture, text readings, class discussion, and other activities, students apply the knowledge learned and utilize their critical thinking and problem solving abilities.
Prerequisites: GEN 105 or concurrent; HM 224 Recommended.

HM 331 Coding II: Principles of Coding

Three semester hours
This course will focus on appropriate use of the CPT classification and application of CPT coding guidelines for appropriate procedure code and modifier selection using operative reports and medical records. Lessons on HCPCS Level II coding are included.
Prerequisite: HM 230.

HM 332 Coding III: Principles of Coding

Three semester hours
This course is an advanced study in ICD-10-CM/PCS and CPT. This course will also focus on reimbursement systems, MS-DRG and APC grouping, case mix index, physician queries, mapping, and present on admission indicators. To develop skills, students will use the ICD-10-CM/PCS and CPT books, and/or encoders to code physician office, ambulatory, and inpatient facility records.
Prerequisite: HM 180 & HM 331.

HM 342 Health Care Information Systems

Three semester hours
This introductory course provides an overview of health care computer information systems. Topics related to hardware, software and operating systems will be explored and discussed. In addition, students will examine high-level information related to data management, systems development, the application and integration of information technology and the management of computer systems in a health care setting.

HM 367 Professional Practice Experience

Three semester hours
This course provides students an opportunity to apply didactic coursework through practical application in an HIM setting. The course will be split into two distinct sections, where students will work with an HIM professional in a clinical setting as well as participate in a virtual practicum utilizing AHIMA’s Virtual Lab. This course is also a dedicated service course and will include a service activity.
Prerequisites: BU 104 & HM 255; HM 332 and BU 375 Recommended.

HM 444 Advanced Health Care Information Systems

Four semester hours
This course will emphasize the planning and management of information systems and its strategic alignment with organizational objectives. Major clinical applications, information architectures, data storage, data retrieval, data analysis, current trends and emerging technologies will be covered. Course topics will focus on database development, data standards, security, legal and ethical issues related to the use and management of information systems in the electronic health record.
Prerequisite: HM 342.

HM 460 Advanced Data Management and Analytics

Four semester hours
This course covers advanced concepts of data management and analysis. Topics related to data including governance, integrity, collection, extraction techniques, abstraction, mining and analysis for decision making will be covered. The use of data analytics to support organizational strategic objectives will be emphasized.
Prerequisite: BU 205 & HM 260.

HM 445 Health Information Technology Assessment

One semester hour
This assessment course is designed as a review for the RHIT certification exam. Through this course, you will register for and complete the RHIT certification exam through AHIMA’s early testing option.
Prerequisite: Last semester of study.

HM 447 Health Information Administration Assessment

One semester hour
This assessment course is designed as a review for the RHIA certification exam. Through this course, you will register for and complete the RHIA certification exam through AHIMA’s early testing option.
Prerequisite: Last semester of study.

HM 496 Professional Practice Experience/Internship

Three semester hours
This course provides field experience in a health care-related organization under the supervision of selected site supervisors and faculty. This experience is an opportunity to apply theories and concepts learned in the classroom to real-world health information management situations.
Prerequisite: HM 367. Internship must be completed in the last two semesters prior to graduation or with the permission of the program director.
Note: Students may be required to meet certain health and safety standards set by the agency providing the internship.

HM 499 Capstone

Three semester hours
As a culmination of prior courses, the Capstone course is designed to give students the opportunity to practice proficiencies with various theories and concepts related to their field of expertise. There will be a required service component for this course to include a presentation given to the HIM communities of interest.
Prerequisite: Last semester of study or with permission of the program director.

GRADUATE HEALTH CARE BUSINESS COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

MB 798 Fundamentals of Scholarly Writing in APA

One semester hour
This course focuses on scholarly writing with specific emphasis on APA style. Students will refine their writing skills and apply APA style rules in a scholarly research paper.

MB 799 Graduate Roles and Ethics in Leadership

Two semester hours
This course provides a framework for the transition to graduate education and serves as a foundation for the graduate program at Clarkson College. The course provides an overview of the Clarkson College online platform. It includes a preview of the instructional methods and format of the courses, as well as special features within the online campus. In addition, the foundation for effective managers and leaders will be placed in the study of how leaders have the power to do significant good or harm. Leadership theories studied include authentic, servant, transformational and sustainability. Elements of character, as well as ethical perspectives and decision-making are presented.

MB 802 Health Care Delivery Systems and Managed Care

Three semester hours
This course is an overview of the American health care system. It includes the study of the evolution and current state of health care services and insurance, health professionals and health services financing. HMOs, PPOs and POS plans will be reviewed. Additionally, managed care functions and contracting will be discussed. Primary focus throughout the continuum will be leadership challenges associated with access, quality and cost of care by investigating the delivery of quality care to consumers.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 808 Health Care Leadership

Three semester hours
This course will introduce students to classical and current views of leadership. Students will gain a foundation in theories and models of leadership and assess their own leadership style. Special focus on the unique issues of leadership in health care is presented and discussed. As a designated service course, students will volunteer their time and observe the leadership in a non-profit organization.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 809 Health Care Business Law and Ethics

Three semester hours
This course provides various ethical frameworks and an overview of the U.S. legal system as basis for analyzing health care issues that affect health care institutions, individual patients and health care providers. Overall legal-ethical issues common to health care administration are reviewed. Selected complex health care ethical dilemmas, such as right to life, right to die and health care allocation are examined.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 810 Human Resources and Organizational Behavior

Three semester hours
An understanding of individual’s behavior and group dynamics is a critical part of the present and future success of health care executives. These executives need to be able diagnose and understand the root causes of behavioral workplace problems such as poor communication, lack of employee motivation, poor performance, high turnover, conflict and stress. Among the topics covered are individual perceptions and attitudes, diversity, communication, motivation, leadership, power, stress, conflict, conflict management, negotiations, group dynamics, team building, managing organizational change and human resources. This is a designated service course and will include community service hours as a requirement of the course.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 815 Informatics and Analytics for Healthcare Professionals

Three semester hours
This course examines two interrelated disciplines that are relevant to healthcare organizations today—informatics and data analytics. Students will be exposed to the processes of generating, storing, extracting, manipulating and exchanging healthcare-related information, which are examined and taught from a user-centric framework to manage healthcare information. Students will also explore the fundamentals of data analytics, a specialized discipline that involves the use of analytical applications and methodologies to evaluate and analyze data so that they can support their organizations in making sound decisions—decisions designed to improve patient outcomes, improve operational efficiency, improve customer service, and respond to changing healthcare business environments.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 823 Health Care Strategic Planning and Marketing

Three semester hours
This course provides students with comprehensive attention to strategic practices necessary for future development and survival of a health care organization. Strategic planning and integrated marketing practices serve as the foundation of building a strong infrastructure for effective operations. How health care organizations relate to their external environment will help students to understand the forces that shape the organization under their leadership. The student will also learn how to foster external and internal customer service practices for relationship building as well as support and execution of governance decisions.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 827 Finance for Health Care Leaders

Three semester hours
This class examines the financial and budgetary concepts as applied in the management of health care organizations. Topics will include capital acquisitions, cost of capital and capital structure, capital allocation, financial analysis, financial forecasting and use of various financial instruments. Hands-on learning is provided by analyzing health care-specific case studies.
Prerequisites: MB 798, MB 799; Undergraduate accounting/finance or experience strongly recommended.

MB 834 Health Care Quality and Regulatory Issues

Three semester hours
Leading and sustaining effective change efforts are a primary responsibility of leaders. This course will provide students with the tools and techniques of leading continuous quality improvement (CQI) of clinical and organizational efforts within a facility. An emphasis on how to develop the processes of in-depth investigation of various areas of internal operations will be presented. Specific focus will be on skill development associated with selecting and implementing various CQI tools. Students will demonstrate correct usage on a specific organizational change effort within a health care organization.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 836 Health Care Project Management

Three semester hours
This course focuses on project portfolio management and the alignment of project objectives with organizational strategic objectives. Tools and methods of project portfolio management will be introduced, and topics such as project management office (PMO), program management, and essential tools and techniques of project management will also covered.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

NS 847 Applied Statistics

Three semester hours
An in-depth coverage of the strategies involved in data analysis, including statistical procedures and interpretation of data for research. Students will apply knowledge of descriptive, parametric, non-parametric, univariate and selected multivariate approaches to data analysis. Emphasis will be on interpretation of statistical results and on evaluation of published research and its applicability to health care. Each student is expected to be familiar with common terminology and with use of descriptive and inferential statistical techniques, including probability, chi-square, student t analysis of variance, rank sum, Mann Whitney U, median test, sign test and correlation.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799; Undergraduate statistics is recommended.

MB 849 Research Methods and Analysis

Three semester hours
The research process is examined in detail. Various research designs, both qualitative and quantitative, are analyzed in addition to exploring the relationship between research and practice. Furthermore, the course will prepare the student to critique published research studies, both qualitative and quantitative, and to apply research finding appropriately to practice. This course also provides an in-depth review of the strategies involved in data analysis, including statistical procedures and interpretation of data for research. Emphasis will be on interpretation of statistical results and on evaluation of published research and its applicability to health care.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799; Undergraduate statistics is recommended.

MB 851 Health Care Economics

Three semester hours
This course explores the economics of the health care system in the United States by examining the demand for health care services, the behavior of health care providers, the influence of government policies, and the relationship between health care services and population health levels. Established health care systems and their potential for change in both the United States and other countries are considered in the context of current policy concerns.
Prerequisite: MB 798, MB 799.

MB 899 Independent Study for Health Care Administration

One semester hours
This course will allow a student to choose a topic of interest that they wish to explore further.  The curriculum will include a guided study of that topic under the supervision of a faculty member.  Approval by the Program Director is required before registration.

MB 903 Internship

Three semester hours
Students will be expected to identify an organization in which they will spend time under the supervision of a selected mentor to apply the leadership strategies and techniques learned throughout the program. The internship will consist of the supervised leadership duties by a designated mentor who will facilitate students’ health care career knowledge.
Prerequisite: All major courses.
Note: Students may be required to meet certain health and safety standards set by the agency providing the internship.

MB 904 Capstone Project I

One semester hour
This course is the first of three courses culminating in a scholarly capstone project. This scholarly experience synthesizes relevant domains of knowledge and makes a contribution to generation or application of knowledge to enhance practice, education, theory or policy. Each student will complete a problem statement and a literature review according to established requirements of the project.
Prerequisite: All major courses or permission from program director. Students cannot complete all three capstone courses in one semester.

MB 905 Capstone Project II

One semester hour
This course is the second of three courses culminating in a scholarly capstone project. This scholarly experience synthesizes relevant domains of knowledge and makes a contribution to generation or application of knowledge to enhance practice, education, theory or policy. The student will build on the material completed in MB 904 and will complete data gathering components for the scholarly project. In addition to the completion of the capstone project, the student will also complete a set of comprehensive case studies designed to evaluate the student’s mastery of the health care administration field.
Prerequisite: MB 904 or concurrently. Students cannot complete all three capstone courses in one semester.

MB 906 Capstone Project III

One semester hour
This course is the final of three courses culminating in a scholarly capstone project. This scholarly experience synthesizes relevant domains of knowledge and makes a contribution to generation or application of knowledge to enhance practice, education, theory or policy. The student will build on the material completed in MB 904 and MB 905 and will complete the scholarly project. An oral presentation of the scholarly project is also required.
Prerequisite: MB 905 or concurrently. Students cannot complete all three capstone courses in one semester.